5 Symptoms and Signs of Ocular Hypertension

Jan 24, 2022 | Optometry

5 Symptoms and Signs of Ocular Hypertension

Ocular hypertension is also known as a buildup of pressure inside the eye. This occurs when the eye’s intraocular pressure is higher than normal levels. A high intraocular pressure may lead to glaucoma and other eye diseases. Eye doctors should always check your intraocular pressure during a checkup to monitor these levels and prevent glaucoma and other conditions. Here are five symptoms and signs of ocular hypertension to watch out for along with getting your eyes regularly checked.

Family History

Anyone can experience ocular hypertension; however, some groups of people are more at risk than others. If you have a family history of ocular hypertension or glaucoma (which is caused by ocular hypertension), you may be more at risk of developing these conditions yourself.

High Blood Pressure

Those who are prone to high blood pressure may also be at a greater risk of developing ocular hypertension. High blood pressure can affect the eyes, potentially leading to glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, or macular degeneration. This also includes those who have diabetes, which can lead to diabetic eye disease.


Age is another risk factor for ocular hypertension. Anyone over the age of 40 may see a significant increase in their risk of developing high intraocular pressure and its related eye conditions.

Eye Injury or Surgery

Sometimes outside pressures or contact with the eye can cause ocular hypertension. If you receive eye surgery, your eye doctor should monitor your intraocular pressure to ensure it doesn’t reach elevated levels. Additionally, if you experience any eye injuries, make sure to check in with your eye doctor for an eye pressure test, also known as a tonometry exam.

Vision Loss

Often, the only sign of ocular hypertension may be once your vision itself starts to worsen. This is a sign that you need to visit your local eyecare specialist or ophthalmologist immediately for urgent treatment. Those who are very nearsighted are also more at risk for ocular hypertension, so monitor your vision levels closely and maintain a regular eye exam schedule with your eye doctor.

There are very few early signs of ocular hypertension, which is why it’s important to schedule regular appointments with your eye doctor, specifically for a tonometry test. A qualified eye specialist will be the best source to identify your risks with all the right ophthalmic supplies at their disposal. Pay attention to these five signs and symptoms of ocular hypertension and find out if any of these risk factors play a role in your family history or your own health.