6 Serious Eye Conditions Caused by Sun Damage

Oct 24, 2023 | Optometry

6 Serious Eye Conditions Caused by Sun Damage

Most people are aware of the damaging effects of the sun on their skin. However, many individuals ignore the impact of the sun on their eyes. Keep reading to learn about six serious eye conditions caused by sun damage and how they can affect your vision.


Today, people most likely lose their vision due to cataracts. The eye’s lens gradually becomes cloudy, making everything appear blurry. Exposure to UV rays without proper protection, such as sunglasses, can increase the risk of your eyes developing cataracts.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is another serious eye condition caused by sun damage and usually affects people over 50 years old. This condition can damage your macula, which provides your central vision. Some have linked sun exposure to an increased risk of macular degeneration.


UV rays can also result in pinguecula, a common condition that causes growths on the conjunctiva, the clear tissue that lines the white of the eye. These growths can cause irritation, dryness, and redness.

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer can develop on the eyelids, particularly in individuals with fair skin and light eyes. These individuals can put themselves in greater danger of developing this condition if they do not wear the proper protection while they are exposing themselves to the sun. Those who do wear sunglasses will have a greater chance of avoiding this type of cancer.


Exposing your cornea to too much UV radiation can result in this condition. It often occurs in people who spend a lot of time in the snow without proper eye protection. Photokeratitis can also occur from spending a day on the beach without protection. Some of the condition’s symptoms include redness, pain, and the appearance of halos when you are near sources of light.


Another eye condition that can result in growths is pterygium, which forms on the conjunctiva and can expand over the cornea. People who live in sunny, dry environments can be at risk of developing pterygium.

Thankfully, you can take precautions to avoid these conditions, including wearing sunglasses and going in for a comprehensive eye exam. Patients can count on their physicians to provide the right diagnosis and guide them toward the next steps of their eye health when their physicians utilize ophthalmology supplies from Automated Ophthalmics. Our products set the industry standard.